Mutt can be really great with multiple accounts, but it’s not exactly intuitive to setup. Here I’ll document how I access two Gmail accounts together in one mutt instance.
If you haven’t yet seen my previous mutt post, please go read that now. I recommend using that post to get a single account setup first before coming back here. Even if you plan to jump right into a multi-account setup, this post assumes you’ve at least read the other one and will focus on the differences and required changes to get from there to here.
To get Offlineimap syncing multiple accounts, we simply need to add additional configuration blocks to sync the second account with another local Maildir.
[general] ui = ttyui accounts = Personal,Work [Account Personal] localrepository = Personal-Local remoterepository = Personal-Remote [Account Work] localrepository = Work-Local remoterepository = Work-Remote [Repository Personal-Local] type = Maildir localfolders = ~/Mail/Personal [Repository Work-Local] type = Maildir localfolders = ~/Mail/Work [Repository Personal-Remote] type = Gmail remoteuser = email@example.com remotepass = secret realdelete = no sslcacertfile = /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt [Repository Work-Remote] type = Gmail remoteuser = firstname.lastname@example.org remotepass = secret realdelete = no sslcacertfile = /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt
Obviously, if either of these accounts weren’t a Gmail server, the configuration blocks would be different.
You can test your setup by running
offlineimap -o to sync things once. It could take a while, but once done, you should have a nice folder structure like this:
Mail/ |-- Personal | |-- INBOX | `-- ... `-- Work |-- INBOX `-- ...
Msmtp also handles multiple accounts very elegantly, we just add another account block for the second account.
# shared defaults since both are gmail accounts defaults host smtp.gmail.com port 587 protocol smtp auth on tls on tls_trust_file /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt account personal from email@example.com user firstname.lastname@example.org password secret account work from email@example.com user firstname.lastname@example.org password secret account default : personal
Now we can simply call
msmtp -a personal or
msmtp -a work to use whichever account we want. Omitting the
-a option will use the default account which we’ve set as personal.
The goal with mutt is to have certain settings change when we enter certain folders. For example, when we’re viewing
+Personal/INBOX we want our
from setting to be our personal From address and the
sendmail setting should be
msmtp -a personal. To provide this functionality, we’re going to do the following:
- Place any account-specific settings in separate files
- Use mutt’s
folder-hookfacility to source the proper file and set the proper settings upon entering a folder for a given account.
Here are the two account-specific files:
set from = "email@example.com" set sendmail = "/usr/bin/msmtp -a personal" set mbox = "+Personal/archive" set postponed = "+Personal/drafts" color status green default macro index D \ "<save-message>+Personal/Trash<enter>" \ "move message to the trash" macro index S \ "<save-message>+Personal/Spam<enter>" \ "mark message as spam"
set from = "firstname.lastname@example.org" set sendmail = "/usr/bin/msmtp -a work" set mbox = "+Work/archive" set postponed = "+Work/drafts" color status cyan default macro index D \ "<save-message>+Work/Trash<enter>" \ "move message to the trash" macro index S \ "<save-message>+Work/Spam<enter>" \ "mark message as spam"
color line which changes the status bar depending on what account I’m “in” at any given moment.
The following settings will tell mutt to source one of these files upon entering a folder matching the given pattern, this will setup all the correct settings when entering a folder for a given account:
set spoolfile = "+Personal/INBOX" source ~/.mutt/personal folder-hook Personal/* source ~/.mutt/accounts/personal folder-hook Work/* source ~/.mutt/accounts/work
The first two lines effectively set Personal as the default account when we open mutt.
Well, that should do it. Open up mutt, change folders, send some mails, and make sure everything’s working as you’d expect.
For reference, my complete and current setup can be found with my dotfiles.