GDM, KDM, SLiM; they all serve one purpose: accept a username/password and start X. The below accomplishes the same in the cleanest, simplest, most transparent way I know.
# Note: a $SHELL of either bash or zsh is assumed if [[ $TTY == /dev/tty1 ]] && [[ -z $DISPLAY ]]; then exec startx fi
These are the last lines of my
~/.zprofile, but they would work as well in
~/.bashrc if that’s your preferred shell.
One added benefit here is that if X dies for any reason, you aren’t left logged in on
tty1 like you might be using some other display managers. This is since the built-in
exec replaces the current process with the one specified.